Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

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By: Nulacha Sutthinonthagul

 

Bipolar disorder is the one symptom that people are might be in but not specifying who he/she is. A brain disorder that causes extreme changes in mood, energy, and the ability to function. Find out more in detail about bipolar disorder here.

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

The exact cause of Bipolar is unknown, but it may be a combination of biochemical, genetic, and psychological factors.

The types of Bipolar disorder are:

1. Bipolar Disorder Type 1

People with Bipolar disorder type 1 have had at least one manic episode and periods of major depression.

2. Bipolar Disorder Type 2

People with Bipolar disorder type 2 have never had full mania. They experience hypomania (a mild form of mania) and major depressive episodes.

3. Cyclothymia

In Cyclothymia, there are for at least two years, hypomania and mild depression, which are never severe enough to be classified as a full manic and depressive disorder.

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

The symptoms of Bipolar disorder 

It's depending on the clinical characteristics, Bipolar disorder is sub-classified as Bipolar disorder, mania; Bipolar disorder, depression; Bipolar disorder, mixed. The essential characteristic is one or more manic (or hypomanic) episodes.

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

Symptoms of a manic episode include: 

> Increased energy, activity, and restlessness

> Excessively high, euphoric mood

> Extreme irritability

> Spending sprees

> Little sleep needed

> Racing thoughts, rapid speech

> Inflated self-esteem

> Binge eating, drinking, and/or drunk use

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

Symptoms of a depressive episode include:

> Persistent depressed mood, most of the day, almost every day

> Decreased interest and pleasure in almost all actives

> Insomnia or hypersomnia (too little or too much sleep)

> Tiredness, listlessness, restlessness, or irritability

> Feeling of worthlessness, self-reproach, guilt

> Concentration impairment

> Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideals

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

Treatment

Bipolar disorder requires long-term treatment since it is a chronic, relapsing illness. The most effective treatment plan includes a combination of medication, psychotherapy, lifestyle changes, and social support. Psychotherapy used to treat Bipolar disorder includes Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family-Focused Therapy. Psychotherapy may help you gain self-insight, change negative thoughts and feelings, and learn new behaviors and coping strategies. Talking about your emotions with a trained professional can help reduce symptoms.

 

Know Better about Bipolar Disorder!

Diagnosis of this disorder can be tricky and medication should be monitored closely by a psychiatrist. Medication is used to stabilize the extreme mood swings of mania and depression.

 

Credit info: Mental Health 

 
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