The top seven technologies in the industry, ranked by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE Computer Society) are expected to play a greater role in both business and society by 2022.
1. Cyber Security Technology
Online crime has suddenly become a more serious problem with the spread of COVID-19. causing everyone to turn to use the Internet more than ever because various important information such as address, bank account number, credit card, customer database, or even online classes They are at risk of being stolen and attacked by hackers around the world.
Therefore, the technology trend that will play the most role next year is inevitably elevating stronger and more effective cyber defense measures, such as training corporate employees and consumers to distinguish emails. that can be phishing and using multi-factor authentication (MFA)
2. Public domain intellectual property
Over the years Turning one's intellectual property work into the public domain, allowing others to develop, apply, and modify it. For example, online repositories like Wikipedia are open source software that are free to access and download. Publicizing new research or even sharing 3D models with others, such as the Blendswap website.
This trend plays an important role in making good innovations happen in society quickly and efficiently. because people from all over the world have access to exchange their knowledge One of the challenges, however, is to incentivize people to join even without high or absolute compensation. as well as the security and reliability of the information that people exchange on the platform.
Even today, many people around the world have turned their attention to environmental protection. But the spread of COVID-19 It makes the use of the Internet and computers skyrocket than ever before. Consequently, the consumption of resources, both electrical energy and materials, has also skyrocketed. This inevitably generates carbon emissions and creates e-waste that is inevitably harmful to the environment.
Sustainability is one of the key factors that the tech industry is paying attention to and working together to find a solution. Whether it is the production of durable computer parts that last longer. Using materials that can be recycled Clean energy-driven technologies such as electric cars or carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, etc.
4. Massive Online Courses (MOOCs)
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are technology born in 2008 by Georges Siemens and Dave Cormier who opened a course called Connectivism and Connective Knowledge to teach 25 students in live classes at the University of Manitoba, Canada. along with another 2,300 students who participated online.
Moving forward into the digital era plus the COVID-19 crisis, MOOCs have become a hugely popular technology. because it accepts many students at the same time via online Make tuition fees cheap and you can sit and study anywhere, anytime. It provides access to education for more people around the world. It also provides new skills that the future labor market is demanding, such as project management, UX/UI design, or data analytics.
Many of the world's leading universities are now offering massive online courses like this one. Many courses are offered for free, such as Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Other popular online course platforms, such as Coursera and Udemy, have enrolled over 82 million people. around the world.
5. Quantum computing
Quantum Computing Technology is what many expect will help transform computing systems that are dozens of times faster and more powerful. But despite the continued development and started to use it. But the capabilities of today's quantum computing It's still quite far from the normal computers we see now.
The world's leading companies such as IBM, Microsoft and Google, among the developers of the technology, have recently succeeded in building Qubits, which are small, atomic data processors capable of only 50-65 Qubits. But many scientists speculate that for quantum computing to be powerful enough for mass commercialization, at least 1,000 to 1,000,000 Qubits are required. So we'll have to wait another ten years. We have seen this state-of-the-art technology elevate businesses in more industries.
Nanotechnology, or the control and modification of matter at the atomic or molecular scale, is considered to be a breakthrough innovation that many industries today are continually developing. Diagnose and treat disease more effectively even the production of cosmetics, sunscreen or tires also applied nanotechnology to develop various products as well.
In the future although it requires a lot of research and research but experts speculate that we will see nanotechnology play a bigger role, especially in the medical industry, such as tiny sensor devices that detect abnormalities within the body. fast wound healing or rebuilding damaged bones and organs.
7. 3D Integrated Circuits
Over the years Researchers and manufacturers of computer equipment have been working to develop the ability of electrical circuits to transmit data and process it more quickly. Along with making the cost of production cheaper than before. So they designed a new integrated circuit. Originally, it was a planar circuit to be a 2.5 and 3 dimensional circuit, which focused on overlapping circuit boards.
The challenge, however, remains a matter of research and testing that will require several stages of testing. Additionally, analysts predict that it may wait until around 2025 for the 3D integrated circuit to enter mass production. Available in the market.